Grace Protestant Reformed Church

Man’s Total Fall Into Sin

Date: AM
Text: Genesis 3; Lord's Day 3
Psalters: 318, 42, 23, 142
Series: Heidelberg Catechism (2016-18)
  1. The sad history.
    1. God established the setting of Adam lovingly obeying and enjoying his Creator by means of the two special trees.
    2. How did sin come into the world of man?
      1. Sin originated among angels: the chief angel fell because of pride (Isa. 14:12-14; Ezek. 28:12-17; I Tim. 3:6).
      2. Now he is the devil (slanderer, liar) and Satan (opponent, adversary) and fell with other angels (Rev. 12:3,4,9).
      3. He came to Eve in order to use her help to get at his primary object, Adam, the representative head of the human race.
      4. Adam knowingly, willingly, and deliberately ate of the forbidden tree.
  2. The bitter fruit.
    1. Adam and Eve immediately experienced bitter consequences.
    2. The whole of creation fell under the divine curse for the sake of its king (Rom. 8:20; Gen. 3:17,18).
    3. All mankind received the bitter results of the willful sin of their first father (Isa. 43:27) and representative head (Rom. 5:12).
    4. The extent of our death in sin is total or absolute.
      1. The whole man is completely depraved, so that every human is as sinful as they can be, entitled only to eternal hell.
      2. Total depravity is that man is wholly incapable of doing any good and inclined to all wickedness, constantly (all the time).
    5. The only way out is to be regenerated, i.e., born again from above by God.
      1. We are given a new spiritual heart (Ezek. 36:26).
      2. We must strive to live in the consciousness that the Spirit of Christ has made His dwelling in our hearts (Rom. 8:1-12).